The red junglefowl was first domesticated at least five thousand years ago in Asia, since then it has spread around the world, and the domestic form is kept globally as a very productive food source of both meat and eggs.
Male and female birds show very strong sexual dimorphism. Males are much larger; they have large red fleshy wattles and comb on the head. The tail is composed of long, arching feathers that initially look black but shimmer with blue, purple and green in good light. The female has no fleshy wattles or comb on the head.
They are omnivorous and feed on insects, seeds and fruits including those that are cultivated such as those of the oil palm. Red junglefowl regularly bathe in dust to keep just the right balance in their plumage.The dust absorbs extra oil and subsequently falls off